• Install Jupyter lab in an virtual env

    python3 -m venv jupy1
    source jupy1/bin/activate
    pip install jupyterlab

    jupyter lab

  • Create a Reactjs app on Cloudflare pages in 10 minutes

    Create the react app: npx create-react-app imamba

    cd imamba

    npm start

    You can now view the app in the browser, on the urls/ips below on port 3000

    edit ./imamba/src/App.js

    You should see the app in your web browser update as you make changes

    Build the app:

    npm run build

    Upload the build folder to Cloudflare pages

    click on pages, choose a name for your project

    Done, the site is live at https://imamba.pages.dev , thank you Cloudflare, next step is to integrate with Cloudflare Functions

  • Working with CSV’s in SQLITE

    I needed to manipulate a largish csv but Excel’s performance was slowing me down. SQLite is a powerful and portable tool that saved the day and made my life a lot easier.

    Download SQLite here
    run sqlite3 from a terminal / commandline. 
    #sqlite3 mytest.db
    Import the CSV file:
    sqlite> .mode csv
    sqlite> .import users-sql.csv users
    Check its been imported ok:
    sqlite> .schema
      "samaccountname" TEXT,
      "DistiguishedName" TEXT,
      "whenCreated" TEXT,
      "lastLogonDate" TEXT,
      "pwdLastSet" TEXT,
      "accountExpires" TEXT,
      "userAccountControl" TEXT,
      "Lookup " TEXT,
      "Enabled" TEXT
    example query
    sqlite> select samaccountName from users;
    Now you can go wild and do left joins against other data as well as do fast sql searching and report.
    To create a new table:
    CREATE TABLE filtered_users AS
    select * from users where DistiguishedName NOT LIKE '%OU=Disabled%'
    AND DistiguishedName NOT LIKE '%OU=Disabled%'
    AND DistiguishedName NOT LIKE '%OU=Groups%'
    This will create a new table called filtered_users from the users table.
    To Export your SQL query to a csv file:
    sqlite> .headers on
    sqlite> .mode csv
    sqlite> .output export_data.csv
    sqlite> SELECT *
       ...>   FROM filtered_users;
    sqlite> .quit
  • Send message to a telegram group with nodejs


    telegram_msg.js script

    Browse to https://web.telegram.com and start a chat with botfather type / and create a new bot, get the bots api token

    add the apitoken to line 8 of the telegram_msg.js script

    Add your new bot to the group you want to message

    Send a message you the group in the web interface.

    Now we need to find the groups chatid,

    Browse to: https://api.telegram.org/botXXX:YYYY/getUpdates

    replace XXX;YYYY with the api you received above

    In the output you should see the chat id in the json return above:

    now you can run

    node telegram_msg.js <chatid> “testing”

    and the message testing will get sent to the group

  • Nagios – Sending sms notifications through twilio

    I really like nodejs so am going to use it to send alerts from nagios to users mobile phones via sms. I normally use telegram for this but there was a requirement for sms.

    Get the twilio_sms.js script here:


    This will allow you to send sms’s by typing:

    node twilio_sms.js <number> <text>

    In Nagios edit /etc/nagios/misc_commands.cfg and add the following two lines:

    define command {
    command_name notify-by-twilio-sms
    command_line /etc/nagios/twilio/twilio_sms.js $CONTACTPAGER$ "[Nagios] $NOTIFICATIONTYPE$ $HOSTALIAS$/$SERVICEDESC$ is $SERVICESTATE$"
    define command {
    command_name host-notify-by-twilio-sms
    command_line /etc/nagios/twilio/twilio_sms.js $CONTACTPAGER$ "[Nagios] $HOSTSTATE$ alert for $HOSTNAME$"

    next edit /etc/nagios/contacts.cfg

    define contact{
    contact_name rm-sms2
    alias Rich Mobile
    service_notification_period 24×7
    host_notification_period 24×7
    service_notification_options c,r
    host_notification_options d,r
    service_notification_commands notify-by-twilio-sms
    host_notification_commands notify-by-twilio-sms
    pager +xxxxxxxxxx //put users mobile number here

  • Quick and Easy Kubernetes Cluster setup


    These are my k3s notes, this post needs more work but noting down what I have done

    What is k3s?

    K3s is a lightweight Kubernetes distribution created by Rancher Labs, and it is fully certified by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). K3s is highly available and production-ready. It has a very small binary size and very low resource requirements.


    • I tested this on Oracle Linux 7.9 as well as k3os but it should run on everything
    • A couple of VM’s

    Open up the Firewall for k3s

    Firewall Rules
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=22/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=80/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=443/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=2376/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=2379/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=2380/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=6443/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=8472/udp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=9099/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=10250/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=10254/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=30000-32767/tcp
    firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=30000-32767/udp

    firewall-cmd –reload

    export INSTALL_K3S_SELINUX_WARN=true

    Create the master node

    curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io | sh –

    Get the node token of the master node

    cat /var/lib/rancher/k3s/server/node-token

    Join the Worker to the master node

    curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io | K3S_URL=https://ipofmasternode:6443 K3S_TOKEN=<insert token here> sh –

    run kubectl get nodes, if both say ready your cluster is up.

    Install Portainer

    Portainer seems to be quite a good way to manage this infrastructure as well as get to grips with the backend

    To install it run:

    kubectl apply -n portainer -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/portainer/k8s/master/deploy/manifests/portainer/portainer.yaml

    It should now be available on https://clusterip:37000

  • Auditing Active Directory Passwords

    What you will need:

    1. Admin Access to your Active Directory
    2. A linux server with secretsdumps from impacket and hashcat, in this example I had a kali vm
    3. A Password list, on Kali there should be some here /usr/share/wordlists/ , I used rockyou.txt

    Step 1: Dump NTDS Database

    On a domain controller run the following:

    powershell "ntdsutil.exe 'ac i ntds' 'ifm' 'create full c:\temp' q q"

    This command will generate two folders in c:\temp , Active Directory and Registry

    output of ntdsutil command

    Step 2: Extact the hashes from the ntds.dit file

    Copy/scp your file over to a linux machine and throw it at secretsdump, to extract the hashes

    On kali this is what we ran:

    impacket-secretsdump -ntds /root/ntds_cracking/ActiveDirectory/ntds.dit -system /root/ntds_cracking/registry/system LOCAL -outputfile ntdshashes.txt

    Step 3: Cleanup hashes, this creates a file with the username and ntlm hash for cracking:

    cat ntdshashes.txt | cut -d : -f 4 |sort|uniq > cleanhashes.txt

    Step 4: Run hashcat against hashes

    hashcat -m 1000 cleanhashes.txt /home/zs1/rockyou.txt

    View the cracked hashes

    cat /root/.hashcat/hashcat.potfile

    140e2a025b0a93dc13720d19e935a918:Password3! 7a829d816a477655abe98a8c7de84c99:Password2@ 07d128430a6338f8d537f6b3ae1dc136:Password2! 43460d636f269c709b20049cee36ae7a:Password1@

  • Active Directory User Report

    I needed a quick way to audit Active Directory accounts, the powershell script dumps the following active directory attributes:
    For the audit the userAccountControl attribute is very useful, this attribute contains a code that maps back to the users account status and password change requirements. These are the codes we are interested in:
        512 =  "NORMAL_ACCOUNT"
    Here is some more information on the codes from Microsoft:
    Here is the powershell script we use to extract this data for analysis, it creates a csv file which we import to excel for analysis.

  • Disable mysql strict mode

    By default and for good reason, MySQL 5.7 is much “stricter” than older versions of MySQL.

    That can make your application fail, specifically when column data is set to null. To temporarily fix this, change the SQL_MODE to “”

    mysql -u root -p

    SET sql_mode = “”;

    set global sql_mode=”;

  • Oracle Linux 7 boot into single user mode

    select your Kernel version from the grub menu item and press e key to edit the first boot option.

    Now use the Down arrow key to find the kernel line (starts with “linux16“),

    then change the argument ro to rw init=/sysroot/bin/sh as shown in the screen shot below.

    press ctrl x to boot